Museum housed inside what was once the provincial jail of Cebu. It was designed in 1869 by Don Domingo de Escondrillas, and construction commenced in 1871. It is said that the huge coral stone blocks of the Parian Church nearby were used to build the prison walls after the church was demolished in the 1870s.
The building itself has a fairly dark history: it has held members of the Katipunan who fought for independence from Spain and was also used by the Japanese secret police to hold and torture guerrillas during the occupation and later, after the war, to imprison those who collaborated with them.
There are four permanent galleries, three special exhibition galleries, and temporary exhibition housed in four separate buildings that show the history of the Philippines and illustrate Cebu’s key role in the country’s development.